Egyptian Governorate

27 individual area that comes under Egypt’s top jurisdiction and is administered by a Governor are either urban, rural or both. Egyptian Governorate may comprise of one city but is sub-divided into districts. Rural areas are called markaz and urban areas are called qism.



The rural areas were controlled by local government and were not subjected to state penetration before 1952. However, Government efforts to mobilize peasants and deliver services were significantly improved after 1952 revolution, but administrative controls over the peasants remained intact.

Local Government enjoyed this limited power till 1979. Central Government was then divided into 26 governorates each of which is further divided into towns and villages.

After 1979, Governors appointed by President were given more power and a governing structure was created at each level. And decentralisation measures were taken to minimise local demands on central treasury.

When Mubarak came to power, decentralization and local autonomy became more of a reality, and local policies often reflected special local conditions.



Egypt enjoys 3 levels of jurisdiction.

  1. Top level was Governorates that comes under Governors, has a capital and atleast one city.
  2. The next level was marakiz or aqsam. That is rural areas are divided into markiz and urban areas are subsequently divided into aqsam.
  3. The lowest level of division is village or district whose heads are appointed by their governors.

Out of 27 Governorates of Egypt, we can focus on 10 Governorates that plays high-flying and crucial role in Egypt Tourism. Those are:

Cairo Governorate

Aswan Governorate

Giza Governorate

Luxor Governorate

Sohag Governorate

Alexandria Governorate

South Sinai Governorate

Red Sea Governorate

Faiyum Governorate

New Valley Governorate


We can discuss these Egyptian Governorate in details and plan our sightseeing accordingly. NILE HOLIDAY bases his tours and packages on more Governorate but it is important to know these basic names before we dig further. If you have more questions, you can call or write to us…

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