The Sisal Mountains in the south of the Nile valley enclose a small valley known as Nubia. Nubia is separated into- Upper Nubia, now a part of Sudan, and lower Nubia which ends up into Wadi Halfa.
Etymologically, the name of Nubia derived from the ancient Egyptian word Nbu, meaning gold, refers to the famous gold mines of Nubia.
Ancient Egyptian scripts have no reference of this name, but they it is believed that they referred to Nubia generally as Ta-Seti, meaning the “Land of Bows”, a clear inference to the weaponry favoured by the Nubians.
Christianity continued to grow in Nubia gradually and baptized monasteries were built in Nubia. Also, most of the other Nubian monuments were turned into churches.
These included Beit EL Wali, the temples of Detour, temples of Philae and Tafa, Gerf Housian, and Wadi Es-Sebua.
Owing to its long cultural history the folk heritage of all the Nubian sites is wonderfully original, rich and varied. The distinctive features of the structures display the mix-mingled Nubian, Kenzi, Fadija and Matsuki people and their heritage.
Apart from the monuments, the rich heritage is also distinctively visible on buildings, crafts, jewellery, furniture marts and costumes.
Known Nubian Sites-
A small temple built during the end of the Greco-Roman period. Its simple designs consist of a hall with columns decorated with an amalgam of capitals. The “tiny house” version of the old Egypt, the temple gives a glimpse of unexplored parts of Egypt.
As mentioned in the ancient Egyptian history Nubian was an extensive trade route for African exchange. The place was rich in fine stones, gold, and temper.
Some of ancient Egypt’s most interesting temples, the Temples of Abu Simbel located close to the southern border of Sudan contains four statues: Re-Hor-Akhty, Amon-Re, Ptah and the deified Ramses II.
280 km south of Aswan, the unique temples suffered from the rising water of Lake Nasser post the High Dam construction.
Located 120m north of the Temple of Ramses II and dedicated to the Goddess Hathor and to his wife Queen Nefertari the Temple of Queen Nefertari is a rock-cut Temple with an elevation of about 28 meters and 12 meters high.
Dedicated to god Amon Ra, and RA Hor –Ahkty the temple was built by King Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II. Additions to the temple were made by King Thutmose IV and renovated under the reign of King Seti I.
Nubian Sites located on Lake Nasser shores far south of Egypt,include temples from eleven different sites that lie between the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae and the great Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel. Visit the Nubian sites and explore its rich and diverse cultures to know more about Egypt. Call us or visit our website NILE HOLIDAY to book your tour